Preface (Péter Szolgay, Director of Jedlik Labs, 22 December, 2015)
The present document intends to give a brief but complete overview on the research activity of the Jedlik Laboratories of the Faculty of Information Technology and Bionics, at Pázmány Péter Catholic University. The Jedlik Laboratories are formed around the research activities of the Faculty professors and PhD students of the Multidisciplinary Doctoral School. These 30+50 researchers on the field of information technology and bionics may exhibit a large research capacity if they are working in a well-focused manner. It was recognized by the title "Research Faculty" given by the Hungarian state in 2013.
The research descriptions of our laboratories are completed by some relevant publications as well.
This document contains the original introduction of Prof Tamás Roska (1940-2014), founding dean of the Faculty and first director of the Jedlik Laboratories. I try to do my best to follow his research ideas in the life of our Faculty.
Introduction (Tamás Roska, Director of the Jedlik Laboratories, 15 May, 2013)
In 1635, Péter Pázmány, Archbishop of Esztergom, Primate of Hungary, an outstanding preacher and the renewer of the Hungarian language, established a University that is the oldest today in Hungary. Until 1950, under various names, at that time as the Pázmány Péter University of Sciences (Pázmány Péter Tudományegytem) has been the most important and oldest University in Hungary. In 1950, the Pázmány University was split into three parts, the Medical School, the smallest part keeping the name of Pázmány (Theology, philosophy), and the rest as the Eötvös Loránd University of Sciences.
After the collapse of the communist system, in 1991, the Pázmány University started to reextend. Today, it is a University with 8 000 students doing education and research in almost all fields of sciences: humanities, social sciences, law, and theology, as well as major fields in science and technology. Its Multidisciplinary Institute of Advanced Studies has been recently established (the Pázmány Institute) and it is a University of national excellence in Hungary.
The strong ties with the Semmelweis Medical University have been developed during the last 10 years, and last year a special alliance between the three Pázmány rooted Universities had been established in the fields of research.
On July 1, 1998, the Faculty of Information Technology was established, as a strongly research oriented Faculty, teaching and doing research in electronic and computer engineering and later on in bionic engineering. Presently, the Faculty is accredited to give doctoral degrees and habilitation in electrical engineering, information technology, and biology. Right from the beginning, may be the first in Europe, a systematic study and a synergy was developed with neurosciences, teamed up also with a few outstanding neuroscientists from the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Finally, establishing the undergraduate curriculum in Molecular Bionics five years ago in collaboration with the Semmelweis University, the first of this kind in Europe, the special character of our Faculty has been developed. Actually, Bionics is defined by four disciplinary pillars: molecular biology, neuroscience, electromagnetics and photonics, and computer engineering.
We have started in a Department system, without the classical continental chair system, and the research laboratories forming a unit called A. Jedlik R&D Laboratories or briefly, Jedlik Laboratories were also established. Each laboratory, one of the 22 today, offers some experimental facilities, many of them with high-end technologies. In addition, during the last 10 years we have developed a close relationship with the Semmelweis Medical University forming already 3 joint centers and 5 joint research projects. A special relationship exists from the beginning with the Research Institute of Experimental Medicine of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), our neuroscience teaching and research is based mainly by Professors with joint affiliation. Joint affiliation has also been started last year with five professors at various clinical departments of the Semmelweis University.
In addition, we have strategic partnerships with five other institutes of the HAS, as well as developing partnerships with many companies.
Now, we are heading to a major new project, by building a Bionic Innovation Center, for serving as a catalyst for the Hungarian Bionics Industry. This is being established now, with the generous support of the Government of Hungary. This specially funded National Innovation Center, the first of its kind in Central-Eastern Europe will exploit the many young talents who are receiving their degrees in the Bionics curricula.